What are haemorrhoids (piles)?
Piles are soft and fleshy lumps just inside the back passage (anus). Piles do not usually cause pain but can be itchy. They bleed easily and may first be noticed by small spots of blood on the toilet tissue paper; this may develop in time to produce bleeding into the pan after a motion. Piles often run in families and are made worse by pregnancy or when straining to pass a motion, as in constipation.
If the piles become large then they may prolapse out of the rectum and can be felt as an outside lump. This often retracts in time, but can get to the stage where the piles do not retract anymore.
It is important to note that bleeding from the back passage can be caused by more sinister problems, including cancerous growths. For this reason any bleeding should be checked by your family doctor to make sure it is piles causing the problems.
How can piles be treated?
To learn more, please read our article on Piles treatment
Any procedure involving skin incision can also result in unfavourable scarring, wound infection, or bleeding. This list of risks is not exhaustive, and you should discuss possible complications with your specialist. Whilst these risks will seem very worrysome, and indeed can be serious, it should also be borne in mind that many people have no postoperative problems whatsoever.
The information provided is as a guide only and you should discuss matters fully with your specialist before deciding if this is the right procedure for you. Please also read our disclaimer